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domenica, 16 dicembre 2018
Surroundings

Non è affatto difficile programmare un soggiorno che, partendo dalla visita dei Sassi di Matera, si estenda alle più interessanti attrazioni della Basilicata e della Puglia. Ecco una selezione di interessanti spunti per la vostra vacanza (sulla nostra mappa è possibile indiivduarne l'esatta ubicazione rispetto alla sede del B&B Il Villino):



Matera
Provincia di Matera

BB Matera

The town of Matera rises on a characteristic landscape of a deep ravine with overhanging rocks under which the Gravina stream flows. This town has many faces, the most famous of which is certainly the ‘Sassi', which the UNESCO has recognized as ‘humanity's patrimony to hand down to future generations'. The ‘Sassi' are dominated by the Cathedral of Mediaeval Age, and they lodge inside them the suggestive Museum of the Peasant Civilization. All around Matera, in the ‘Murgia', there is the Park of the Rock Hewn Churches. San Francesco D'Assisi Church, situated in the homonymous square, and San Domenico Church, located in Vittorio Veneto square, are also beautiful. The Tramontano Castle stands on a hillock not very far from the historical centre. The Domenico Ridola Archaeological National Museum, which is close to the main square, is lodged into the buildings of the ex-monastery of Santa Chiara. The feast of the ‘Madonna della Bruna', which traces back to 1389, is celebrated on the 2nd of July. (information from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Montescaglioso
Provincia di Matera

BB Matera

Previously known by the name of ‘Civitas Severina' (from Alessandro Severo who fortified and dominated the town), it was called ‘Mons Cabeosus' probably because of the presence of many caves in the area. Originally a Byzantine stronghold, it then experienced a succession of feudal families. Montescaglioso initially developed around the Abbey of San Michele Arcangelo (1079), rich in beautiful frescoes. The XV century mother church of SS. Apostoli Pietro e Paolo, which contains a lot of canvases by the Venetian school, is interesting. The church of Santo Stefano with a pre-Renaissance portal and the church of the Madonna delle Grazie in Romanesque style are also noteworthy.  (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Miglionico
Provincia di Matera

BB Matera

It is a very old town, as the tombs and vases found in the area prove. It was first fortified by the Byzantines and then by the Normans. In the time of the Aragonese domination, Miglionico became famous because all the barons of the kingdom opposing Ferdinand I of Aragon, king of Naples, gathered in the castle of the town, which belonged to the Sanseverino family, and feigned an act of obedience to the king, waiting for the Pope's help. The feud was subsequently under the control of several noble families. There are beautiful churches such as the mother church of Santa Maria Maggiore, with a wonderful Renaissance portal, the small church of the Trinità, containing frescoes dating from the middle of the XV century, and the church of San Francesco, flanked by a small monastery containing a wonderful polyptych by Cima di Conegliano dating from 1499. (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Irsina
Provincia di Matera

BB Matera

This town, which until the end of the XIX century was named ‘Montepeloso', had a great importance in the Roman Epoch and was one of the most developed centres in Basilicata in the period of the Longobard and the Byzantine domination. During the Norman occupation, the town became fief of many families of noble birth and in 1123 Pope Callisto II made it Episcopal seat through a bull. The Cathedral, dedicated to the ‘Madonna dell'Assunta' is beautiful: it was built in the XIII century and changed in 1777; it has a Baroque façade and a mullioned window bell tower in Gothic style. A great charm is peculiar to the Church of the Convent of San Francesco, dating from the XII century, and to the Church of the Purgatory, in which there is a beautiful painting representing the ‘Nozze di Cana' dating from 1600. In the town there is also the Museum Janora, in which a vast collection of archaic vases, prehistoric handworks, coins, antiques and feminine costumes dating from 1700 are kept. (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Policoro
Provincia di Matera

BB Matera

The town, built by the inhabitants of Colophon in Asia Minor in about 680 B.C., was destroyed by an Achaean coalition at the beginning of the VI century B.C. After a period of decline, in the V century B.C. the colonies of Taranto and Thuru rebuilt it over the ruins of the ancient Siris and called it Heraclea. Near this town, the first big battle between the Romans and Phyrrus took place in 280 B.C. The Archaeological Park, situated behind the National Museum of Siritide, which contains the ruins of the ancient town of Siris-Heraclea is very interesting to visit. Near the museum there is the Shrine of Demeter and the Archaic Temple dedicated to Dionysus dating from the VII century B.C. Near Policoro lies the Pantano wood, where there are species typical of a temperate-wet climate, unusual compared to the warm-wet climate of the Jonian coast. The town, an important seaside resort in the region, is equipped with quite a few tourist facilities for summer holidays. (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Metaponto
Provincia di Matera

BB MateraIt is a beautiful archaeological area, situated between the mouths of the rivers Bradano and Basento, which overlooks the gulf of Taranto. The site of the ancient ‘Metapontion' contains what has been saved from the uninterrupted plunder of the past. It shows a town with a regular plan, consisting of long and narrow blocks, with a ‘plateia' (the main street) and perpendicular secondary streets. The town was connected to the sea through a canal. There are ruins of walls, a theatre built on an artificial bank, the necropolis of ‘Crucinia', which comprises the ruins of the shrine dedicated to Lycian Apollo and the adjoining Agorà. There are four temples in it: the oldest is dedicated to Athena, the temple of Apollo, the ruins of the temple of Hera in Doric style and the temple dedicated to Aphrodite. There are two ovens in the potters' area and the Roman ‘castrum', perhaps built to give shelter to a garrison. It is also possible to admire the ruins of an early Christian church with a baptistery.) (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Melfi
Provincia di Potenza

BB Matera

Melfi, and its imposing Norman-Swabian Castle, was built at the foot of the Vulture Mountain. Dauni and Lucani used to live here and their settlements are recognisable in the archaeological finds of this area, now kept in the National Museum. In the Middle Ages, this town was subjected to the Longobard and Byzantine influence and became an important centre and a commercial crux. Its geographical position was in fact strategic, being halfway between Puglia, dominated by the Byzantine Greeks, and the territories of Benevento and Salerno, dominated by the Longobards. This is probably the main reason why it has a rich and complex history. Melfi had several dominators, amongst them were Normans and Swabians, who had a predominant influence over the cultural heritage of this town. Federico II (Frederick II) made it one of his main residences. The spectacular scene of its mediaeval centre, with the wonderful ‘Duomo' (Cathedral), contrasts with the modern shape of a present industrial centre. The Crypt of Santa Margherita is very interesting. (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Venosa
Provincia di Potenza

venosa

Venosa was founded in 291 B.C. and is an actual ‘locus amoenus', in which art, culture, history, archaeology and literature harmoniously combine. Those who visit this town cannot help to be fascinated by it, as it is permeated with an enchanted atmosphere. Its great historical memories are reflected on the facades of its buildings. Venusia, with its archaeological area, the amphitheatre, the ‘domus', the baths, the Aragon Castle, site of the Museum, is itself an open-air museum. The Latin poet Quinto Orazio Flacco was born here in 65 B.C. and he gives it praise and notoriety, consolidating a literary tradition that is lost in time. Worth visiting are also the ‘Incompiuta', the Trinità Abbey, the Cathedral and the Notarchirico Archaeological Park. (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Acerenza
Provincia di Potenza

BB Matera

The old Acheruntia was built on the top of a hill delimited by the River Bradano and by its tributary Fiumarella. At its foot there is a landscape dominated by wide spread vineyards that proof the richness of this land where the uva aglianico (a particular kind of grapes) is mostly cropped and then for producing the famous local wine. Finds dating back to the VI-IV century B.C. state the presence on this territory of old settlements. A tomb of the VI century was found as well as a small bronze statue representing Heracles, protector of the Italian peoples. The rich historical tradition of Acerenza, subject to several dominations, is linked with a solid religious worship. Its Cathedral dedicated to S. Canio, patron Saint of this village, is an actual pearl that, in the harmony of its architectural features, reflects the light of the faith it guards. (information from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Castel Lagopesole
Provincia di Potenza

lagopesole

Lagopesole Castle has a square layout with four rectangular towers. It was built on the top of a hill and overlooks the whole valley. Inside, there are several styles and different architectonic elements showing that it was built in different periods. The inside of the Castle is split by two courts. The dwelling rooms are on two levels and on three sides around the major one, in the Northern part of the building. The choice of this place for building the Castle and of its imposing dimensions, suitable for long staying, shows that the Emperor Federico wanted Lagopesole as a hunting resort. Passing through a decorated portal with pointed arch, it is possible to enter the big court of the Castle. The small court, in the middle of which there is the well of the big tank, is accessible from here. The most interesting part of the Castle, on the side of the big court, leads to the beautiful Chapel, in Angevin style, and to several rooms. Amongst these, some are called ‘of the Emperor and of the Empress'. The Castle represents one of the most beautiful and characteristic castles of Federico's in the South of Italy, both because of its beautiful decorations and of the several styles it was built in. (from APT Basilicata Tourist Office)

 
Castel del Monte
Provincia di Bari

BB MateraThis unique medieval manor house stands on top of a hill in the Apulian Murgia, 540 metres above sea level and 18 kms from Andria. Castel del Monte was built in the first half of 1200 for Frederick II of Swabia, Roman Emperor  and King of Sicily and Apulia, to serve as a manor house and hunting lodge. Various architectural elements and styles are harmoniously brought together in this one building: Classical, Renaissance, Romanesque, Gothic and Arabic. The monument reflects Frederick's cultural background; he was educated in Palermo where at the time three streams of culture flowed together: Roman, Arabic and Norman, permeated with italic influences. Castel del Monte ( named after the Benedictine church of Santa Maria del Monte which actually exists in that area) has a rich and varied history belonging to the period of the Reign of Naples. The castle, along with the town of Andria, was a part of the Royal State under the Swabians (1240-1266), the Angevins (1266-1443) and the Aragonese (1443-1503) who succeeded each other to the throne of Naples. The Castle and the town of Andria also became the vassals of the Del Balzos (1348-1502), the Cordovas (1503-1552) and the Carafas(1552-1799). It was from the latter that the Italian State managed to acquire the castle in 1876, declaring it a national monument.  (from APT Province of Bari Tourist Office)

 
Alberobello
Provincia di Bari

BB MateraThe Trullo is a characteristic peasant or artisan's house built using a unique and bold technique. It is built around a central plan with dry stone limestone walls, on top of which sits a conical-shaped roof. The walls are whitewashed; the conical roof which comes to a deft pinnacle, is covered  with concentric and slanting rows of smooth, grey slabs of local stone, called "chiancarelle", which are put in place without the use of mortar. The Trulli can be found in the hills of the Murgia in an area where the provinces of Bari, Brindisi and Taranto meet. Here you can come across hospitable little towns with their whitewashed walls and charming vernacular architecture, bathed in history, tradition and natural attractions; places such as Castellana-Grotte, Conversano, Gioia del Colle, Locorotondo, Noci and Putignano in the Province of Bari; Martina franca in the Province of Taranto; Ceglie Messapico, Cisternino, Ostuni and Selva di Fasano in the Province of Brindisi. The most spectacular urban concentration of Trulli is to be found in Alberobello. In this small town, famous the world over, the Trulli are organized into districts. The fabulous Monti district boasts over 1000 Trulli set along picturesque, sloping streets, paved in the local stone. The whole town maintains a dream-like quality, almost like something out of a fairy-tale, bathed in the limpid light of the Eastern Mediterranean that of Alberobello an enrolled only landscape in 1996, list UNESCO of the assets " Patrimony of the Humanity ". (from APT Province of Bari Tourist Office)

 
Grotte di Castellana
Provincia di Bari

BB Matera40 Kms south-east of Bari, the busy, industrial and administrative capital of Apulia, lies the little town of Castellana whose origins go back even further than the 10th century. For a number of years now, the town has been called Castellana-Grotte and is the most important tourist attraction in Apulia, as well as one of the most famous in the whole of southern Italy. It owes its rapid and lucky notoriety to the discovery on January 23rd, 1938 of a vast system of natural underground caves. The Grottos of Castellana represent one of the most important series of natural underground caves in Italy and Europe, a reputation gained  not only because of their size but above all for the spectacularity of the natural galleries and the prodigious wealth of crystalline concretions (from APT Province of Bari Tourist Office)